Study Guide, Chapters 11, 12, and 13
ECEd 2020

adult structured athletics
Aggressive  agemates                                
Concrete operational                                 
Drop out
effective parenting                                
emotional self-efficacy                                
father-headed households                           
Frontal lobe                                         
Good friends                                        
Hearing loss                                         
Heterosexual marriages that end in divorce   
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act     
Is as well adjusted as other children                 
Learning disabilities                                
Lengthen and broaden                         
Logical and flexible                                
Mild mental retardation                         
More popular with his peers                        
Nine (9)
Oldest (Stacy)                                         
One-child families
Peer groups                                         
Perspective taking
Self-fulfilling prophecy
Sibling rivalry                                 
Single parent households
Slow and regular                                 
Stimulant medication                                 
Stressful life experiences
Twenty (20)
Whole language approach
1. Compared to the first 2 years of life, growth during middle childhood is

2. During middle childhood, the bones of the body ______________.

3. The most common vision problem in middle childhood is ________________________.

4. _____________________________ are chemicals that permit neurons to
communicate across synapses.

5. ______________________________ due to untreated ear infections occurs in about
3% to 4% of the middle childhood population.

6. __________________________ is the most frequent cause of school absence in
middle childhood.

7. Children should participate in ____________________________ for the fun of it,
whether or not they become expert athletes, in order for it to be a positive experience.

8. __________________________________ are most likely to affect a child’s attitudes
and capabilities.

9. If parents pressure their children to participate, criticize her because they want her to be
the best, or encourage her to participate even when injured, the child will likely
______________ of the activity.

10. If middle childhood aged boys participate in rough and tumble play, they are most likely

11. _____________________________ is assessed when 1 of 2 identical jars of water is
poured into a shorter jar.

12. Piaget’s concrete operational stage is characterized by thought that is ____________.

13. Piaget’s ___________________________________ stage spans the years from 7 to

14. If James’ twin brother, Charles, has ADHD, what is James likely to be diagnosed with?

15. __________________________________ is the most common treatment for ADHD.

16. Stimulant medication helps children with ADHD because it increases activity here:

17. The _________________________________ to reading uses instruction that
parallels children’s natural language learning.
18. The basic skills approach to reading uses _________________ to help students learn.

19. The triarchic theory of intelligence was developed by ____________________________________.

20. The theory of multiple intelligences was developed by ____________________________________.

21. Gardner proposes ________________________ independent intelligences.

22. A student who wants to be a navigator is likely high in ____________________________ intelligence.

23. School age children learn about ______________________ new words a day.

24. The idea that children may adopt teachers' positive or negative attitudes toward them is known as _________________________________.

25. The ___________________________________ requires schools in the U.S. to provide educational services in the least restrictive
environment for all children with disabilities.

26. Placing pupils with learning difficulties into regular classrooms is called _______________________.

27. Corrie's IQ is 65, and she has difficulty with adaptive skills. Corrie has ________________________.

28. Children with average or above average IQ scores, but nonetheless have great difficulty with one or more aspects of learning have

29. Jeri's IQ was assessed as 130. In other words, Jeri was likely labeled __________________________.

30. Erikson's theory recognizes ____________________________________ as the major personality achievement of middle childhood.

31. The negative outcome of Erikson's psychological conflict of middle childhood is _________________.

32. Our evaluation of our self-worth is called our _________________________________.

33. _________________________________ is a feeling of being in control of one's emotional experience.

34. The capacity to imagine what other people are thinking and feeling is called _____________________.

35. _______________________________________ are formed on the basis of proximity, the members are generally similar in ethnicity, and
they are usually made up of children of the same gender.

36. ___________________________________ becomes a defining feature of friendships during middle childhood.

37. By elementary school, 10% of children are harassed by _____________________________________.

38. One study found that fifth and sixth graders regarded _________________________________ as the most influential persons in their lives.

39. Over middle childhood, __________________________________________ tends to increase.

40. Among the children in a large family, who is likely to have a slight advantage in IQ and school achievement?

41. Jules is the youngest of 7 brothers and sisters. He is likely to be ______________________________.

42. Children in ____________________________ score higher in self-esteem and achievement motivation.

43. The most common way gay men and lesbians become parents is through _________________________.

44. Trevor's parents are gay. Research shows that it is likely that Trevor __________________________.

45. The rate of _________________________________________ in the U. S. is the highest in the world.

46. Approximately 25% of children live in ________________________________________________.

47. Approximately 15% of the children living in single parent households live in ___________________________.

48. Approximately 2/3 of divorced parents ________________________________________________.

49. The overriding factor in positive adjustment after divorce is ____________________________.

50. Research indicates that a modest relationship exists between __________________________ and psychological disturbance in childhood.
ANSWERS: 1. slow and regular;  2. lengthen and broaden;  3. nearsightedness;  4. neurotransmitters;  5. hearing loss;  
6. asthma; 7. adult-structured athletics;  8. parents;  9. drop out;  10. good friends;  11. conservation;  12. logical and flexible;  
13. concrete operational;  14. ADHD:  15. stimulant medication;  16. frontal lobe;  17. whole language;  18. phonics;  
19. Sternberg; 20. Gardner;  21. nine;  22. visual-spatial;  23. twenty;  24. self-fulfilling prophecy;  
25. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA); 26. inclusion;  27. mental retardation;  28. learning disabilities;  
29. gifted;  30. industry;  31. inferiority;  32. self-esteem;  33. emotional self-efficacy;  34. perspective taking;  
35. peer groups;  36. trust;  37. aggressive agemates;  38. parents;  39. sibling rivalry;  40. oldest;  
41. more popular with his peers;  42. one-child families;  43.  heterosexual marriages that end in divorce;
44. as well adjusted as other children;  45. divorce;  46. single-parent households;  47. father-headed households;  
48. remarry; 49. effective parenting;  50. stressful life experiences